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Nitrous Oxide System (NOS). What is it ?

Nitrous Oxide System (NOS). What is it ?



We all know (usually from cultish movies) that red button with inscription N20, which causes the car to accelerate wildly and everything around becomes blurred. But do you know what exactly is “nitro“ and what does it involve?

NOS System
As you already know (OK, maybe you don‘t), by injecting the nitrous oxide into the cylinders, we cause short-timed increase of power. This technology was developed during World war two by German aircraft engineers. This kind of performance-boost was used by recon planes when they got too close to stronger enemy combat aircraft. Later, other countries started to equip their planes with nitrous oxide injection, even though they knew, that this reduces the reliability of engine.

Since 1950, NASCAR racers doped their cars with nitrous oxide. Also their colleague Smokey Yunick, who first applied this system on a car, used this trick. Up to present day, there are some cheaters in NASCAR races, that use this kind of power improvement. In the early eighties, they started to use Nitro in drag races.

Today, injection of nitro is considered the same kind of engine tuning as for instance much more aggressive modification of crankshaft, increased compression ratio, sporting exhaust system. All these improvements lead to better performance. The advantage of this is high power, the disadvantage may be the short-time effect (10-20 second use is recommended). To use nitro safely, the throttle has to be entirely open and the engine revs should be above 2500 rpm at the time nitro is engaged.

And what about emissions? All theories about exhausting bad emissions during combustion of nitro are groundless. Composition of substances in exhaust pipe in the moment of use positively affects the transformation of pollutants near catalyzer. Despite this positive impact on environment, nitro is prohibited in regular driving (we must take into consideration the danger of using nitro on road).

What does the nitro-set look like when it is outside car and inside the car:

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gallery

NOS system
However, nitro has negative impact on combustion process and engine durability (in case of unprofessional installation). At the time of injection of nitrous oxide, the pressure inside the cylinder grows considerably. This way, we increase tendency of detonation-combustion, therefore all engines must use delayed ignition in the moment of injection.

The increased pressure in the cylinder is also reason for nitro to be installed professionally. Otherwise, the gasket could be destroyed, piston rings could give way or other problems may occur.

Professional installation is also inevitable for the right solution of injection of extra fuel. If we don’t add some extra fuel together with nitrous oxide, problems with detonation-combustion may go even worse.

Combustion temperatures would grow rapidly and that could have catastrophic consequences. It is also wrong to add too much fuel. Useful power would significantly decrease. Because of necessary modifications of ignition system, it is not recommended to install nitro-set into the car with chip tuning (self-ignition may occur).

Expedience of nitrous oxide system is relative and differs from driver to driver. The most simple set (so called dry system) costs around €1000/1500$, but the price can rise rapidly by professional systems (set with direct injection).

As for the consumption of „laughing gas“, during 10 seconds around 0,75dl is consumed (however, it may differ according to used system). The full bottle costs quite a lot of money but the problem may be also the accessibility. The ideal solution may be the filling sets provided by nitro sets manufacturers, which can be useful mainly in companies.

Download product catalogues about NOS System:

Product catalogue “NOS”
Product catalogue “ZEX”
(PDF dokumenty)
(PDF dokumenty)
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download
[ 2.1 MB ]

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download
[ 5.2 MB ]


Videos of installations of NOS by Nitrous Express:

Promo video #1
Promo video #2
Install video #1
Install video #2
Install video #3
Install video #4
for Nitro systems
for Nitro systems
for Nitro systems
for Nitro systems
for Nitro systems
for Nitro systems
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[ 13.7 MB ]

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[ 6.9 MB ]

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[ 3.7 MB ]

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[ 8.6 MB ]

preview
download
[ 10.9 MB ]

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download
[ 5.6 MB ]


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Author: TuningMag.net



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